Pokemon® is a game that I know little about. My six year old son, however knows a lot about it and talks frequently about the phenomenon of rare Pokemon® cards. He kept talking about how these rare cards cost a lot of money. I seized the opportunity to teach him his first lesson on economics: the basic lesson on price, using the principles of supply and demand. I first asked him he knew why these rare cards cost so much money (as if I expected him to say yes). He obviously said that he did not know why and so I proceeded to explain why.
I explained to him that the price of anything (in this case the price of rare Pokemon® cards) is controlled by the how much of it is available to buy (supply) and number of people who want to buy it (demand). This, of course assumes that we are operating in a free market economy. When there are a lot of people that want to buy something of which there is little supply of, the price will tend to increase and that something will eventually be considered to be “expensive”. Conversely, if there are a few people want something that there is a great abundance of, the price will decrease and that something will eventually be considered to be “inexpensive” or even “cheap”. Rare Pokemon® cards (and anything desired that is considered rare) fall into the category of something many people want of which there is little of. In this case desired rare items, people are willing to pay more for something that there is little supply of, because they know that they are competing with a lot of other people that want the same limited amount of the desired items. People who are selling the items know this and are incentivized to sell the items for an increased price. This is the reason why rare items are generally expensive in price. Consumers and their free choices determine the price of items.
It’s not too difficult to understand this idea and how the price of something is affected by supply and demand. This applies not only to rare Pokemon® cards, but also to virtually every good and service that is not regulated by governments and organizations. Even my six year old gets it now…I think.